LEGISLATION

Government of Canada

The Government of Canada has chosen to legalize cannabis to create a legal framework around production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis in Canada. More information about the federal framework can be found here:

Government of Newfoundland & Labrador

The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador has authorized the Newfoundland Labrador Liquor Corporation (NLC) to control the possession, sale and delivery of cannabis, as well as set prices for cannabis products. NLC will also be the online retailer of cannabis. For more details please reference the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador media release here:

Public Environment

  • Legal access to dried marijuana for medical purposes was first provided in 1999 using unique section 56 exemptions under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA). This led to the implementation of the Marihuana Medical Access Regulations (MMAR) in July 2001. The MMAR enabled individuals with the authorization of their health care practitioner to access dried marijuana for medical purposes by producing their own marijuana plants, designating someone to produce for them or purchasing Health Canada supply.
  • June 2013, the Government of Canada implemented the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR). The MMPR created conditions for a commercial industry responsible for the production and distribution of marijuana for medical purposes. Under the MMPR, individuals with a medical need could access quality-controlled dried marijuana produced under secure and sanitary conditions.
  • June 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada, in R. v. Smith, decided that restricting legal access to only dried marijuana was unconstitutional. The Court decided that individuals with a medical need have the right to use and make other cannabis products. To eliminate uncertainty around a legal source of supply of cannabis, the Minister of Health issued section 56 class exemptions under the CDSA in July 2015, to allow, among other things, licensed producers to produce and sell cannabis oil and fresh marijuana buds and leaves in addition to dried marijuana, and to allow authorized users to possess and alter different forms of cannabis.
  • As of August 24, 2016, the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) came into effect and replaced the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR). Health Canada began to accept applications from individuals who wished to register to produce a limited amount of cannabis for their own medical purposes or to designate someone to produce cannabis for them.
  • March 26, 2017 – Federal Government of Canada announces plans to legalize the sale of recreational cannabis by July 2018.
  • September 15, 2017, Canada's first license for recreational cannabis distribution went to Organigram Holdings (known as OGI:CVE). This marked a milestone for marijuana distribution in Canada
  • November 23, 2017 – Government of Newfoundland and Labrador released its initial Cannabis plans and authorized NLC to control the sale and distribution of recreational cannabis through a network of private retail stores.
  • November 27, 2017 - Members of Parliament vote to pass the marijuana legalization bill ( Bill C-45 ) in the House of Commons by a vote of 200 to 82.
  • February 20th, 2018 - NLC publically releases its Request for Proposals (RFP) for Licensed Cannabis Retailers (LCR’s) with plans to announce successful applicants on or before May 7, 2018.
  • October 17th, 2018 - Online Cannabis sales offered by NLC subsidiary Cannabis NL to be offered through new e-commerce site www.ShopCannabisNL.com with secure home delivery and Phase 1 of Licensed Cannabis Retailers to launch.
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